Dandruff is the flaking of the scalp skin either caused by dryness or even few other conditions like eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis and even at times due to the overgrowth of a yeast like fungus called malassezia. It is a condition which affects about 30 % of the population. Every person has faced this issue at least once in their lives.
The most effective treatment for dandruff is to treat its cause. Over the counter products like shampoos containing coal tar, selenium sulphide, salicylic acid and ketoconazole are the most commonly used products to treat this condition as the coal tar and selenium reduce the scalp skin turnover hence in turn reduces flaking. Salicylic acid loosens the skin flakes and removes them, while ketoconazole an antifungal acts on the yeast like fungus and kills it. Visit this website to know more in detail.
The most basic method to treat and reduce the occurence of dandruff is to brush the hair. Brushing the hair from the roots to the tips promotes the oil secretion from the scalp and also coats the hair strand and prevents drying of the scalp and flaking.
Other options are applying oils such as tea tree, coconut or even olive oil to the scalp, or even apple cider vinegar which is said to reduce the growth of Malassezia yeast.
Rubbing salt or even baking soda to the scalp prior to shampooing is said to help remove the flaking and itching of the scalp.
Severe hair loss is a condition that plaques many people of different age group and gender. It can really be a hindrance to their daily activity and a great loss to their self esteem and confidence. There are few ways to treat severe hair loss. The treatment for hair loss varies from hair pieces, wigs, medications, surgery and even laser therapy.
The mode of treatment varies according to the type of hair loss and the individual’s requirement. Wigs and hairpieces can be used as a solution for permanent or temporary hair loss. It can also be used as a temporary solution while the medication is taken or post laser therapy while waiting the results. There are different types of hair pieces either made from synthetic hair or real human hair and can come in various styles and colours to suit a person’s need.
Medications such as minoxidil, finasteride and even Nexus mineral oils can be used to treat hair loss. Finasteride is only prescribed to men whereas minoxidil and Nexus mineral oils can be used by either gender. These medications work by slowing down the rate of hair loss and at times promoting hair growth. There a few side effects to these medications such as scalp irritation, rapid heart rate, unwanted hair growth in adjacent areas, and even diminished sex drive in those who consume finasteride. These side effects are rare, hence its always advisable to consult a doctor before starting this treatment.
Laser therapies work by reducing the inflammation which prevents hair loss hence in return promotes new hair turnover. Another method to treat hair loss is by plasma rich platelet therapy. Here a person’s own blood is taken, centrifuged and the plasma and platelet concentrate is injected back into the scalp to promote hair growth and hair follicle stimulation.
Surgeries like hair transplantation may be a last resort treatment for permanent type of severe hair loss. Here the hair follicles from the back of the scalp is replanted into the bald spot and growth hormones are given. In people with extensive hair loss, synthetic hair implantation can be done.
Always consult a doctor before deciding on the treatment as they would advise you on the best method for the type of condition your experiencing.